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Aristotle

384-322 BC ,  Ancient Greek philosopher
AristotlePhilosopher and scientist, one of the greatest intellectual figures of Western history. His writings cover many subjects – including physics, biology, zoology, metaphysics, logic, ethics, aesthetics, poetry, theater, music, rhetoric, linguistics, politics and government – and constitute the first comprehensive system of Western philosophy. Even after the intellectual revolutions of the Renaissance, the Reformation, and the Enlightenment, Aristotelian concepts remained embedded in Western thinking.

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Quotations

Knowledge of the fact differs from knowledge of the reason for the fact.


Any one can get angry — that is easy — or give or spend money; but to do this to the right person, to the right extent, at the right time, with the right motive, and in the right way, that is not for every one, nor is it easy.


He who is unable to live in society, or who has no need because he is sufficient for himself, must be either a beast or a god.


Misfortune shows those who are not really friends.


The law is reason unaffected by desire.


Inferiors revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior. Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions.


Oligarchs and tyrants mistrust the people, and therefore deprive them of their arms.


But that the unequal should be given to equals, and the unlike to those who are like, is contrary to nature, and nothing which is contrary to nature is good.


Law is order, and good law is good order.


The appropriate age for marriage is around eighteen for girls and thirty-seven for men.


It is not easy to determine the nature of music, or why any one should have a knowledge of it.


Thus every action must be due to one or other of seven causes: chance, nature, compulsion, habit, reasoning, anger, or appetite.


It is simplicity that makes the uneducated more effective than the educated when addressing popular audiences.


Poetry is finer and more philosophical than history; for poetry expresses the universal, and history only the particular.


Poetry is for an intelligent man or a madman.


Homer has taught all other poets the art of telling lies skillfully.


For the purposes of poetry a convincing impossibility is preferable to an unconvincing possibility.


The roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.


I have gained this by philosophy: I do without being ordered what some are constrained to do by their fear of the law.


All men are mortal. Socrates is a man. Therefore Socrates is mortal.


Ancient Greek

Friendship is one soul living in two bodies.

Φιλία εστί μία ψυχή εν δυσί σώμασιν ενοικουμένη.


Habit is second nature.

Έξις δευτέρα φύσις.


When asked what is hope, he said 'the dream of a waking man'.

Ερωτηθείς τι έστιν ελπίς, « Εγρηγορότος», είπεν, «ενύπνιον. »


War is a school for virtue.

Πόλεμος γαρ σχολείον αρετής εστί.


Man is by nature a political animal.

Ο άνθρωπος φύσει πολιτικόν ζώον.


Nothing is without a cause.

Άνευ αιτίου ουδέν εστιν.


Nature does nothing without purpose or in vain.

Η φύσις μηδέν μήτε ατελές ποιεί μήτε μάτην.


Poverty needs many things, but greed everything.

Η πενία πολλών εστιν ενδεής, η δ’ απληστία πάντων.


Beauty is better than any recommendation letter.

Το κάλλος παντός επιστολίου συστατικώτερον.


Women are more envious and more querulous than men.

Γυνή ανδρός φθονερώτερον και μεμψιμοιρότερον.


The now is a sort of a middle thing.

Το νυν εστι μεσότης τις.


In all things, change is sweet.

Μεταβολή δε πάντων γλυκύ.


In all things of nature there is something of the marvelous.

Εν πάσι γαρ τοις φυσικοίς ενεστί τι θαυμαστόν.












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